Verbal Abuse

The categories described below are loosely adapted from The Verbally Abusive Relationship by Patricia Evans. In this summary, care has been taken to avoid either referring to a specific gender, or using the term 'abuser' since everyone can fall into these practices at some time. However, verbal abuse can, and often is used systematically as a power behavior. This should not be tolerated. For clear boundaries on the receiving end, or for change on the sending end, recognition by all involved is key.